The Relevance of Romanticism: Essays on German Romantic Philosophy by Dalia Nassar
Real Hallucinations: Psychiatric Illness, Intentionality, and the Interpersonal World (Philosophical Psychopathology) by Matthew Ratcliffe
Scott Soames, “Reference and Description: The Case against Two-Dimensionalism”
Just War Thinkers: From Cicero to the 21st Century (War, Conflict and Ethics) by Cian O’Driscoll and Joel H. Rosenthal
Food and Philosophy: Selected Essays by Spencer Wertz
?The Relevance of Romanticism: Essays on German Romantic Philosophy by Dalia Nassar
English | 2014 | ISBN: 0199976201, 019997621X | 368 pages | PDF | 3 MB
Since the early 1990s, there has been a resurgence of interest in philosophy between Kant and Hegel, and in early German romanticism in particular. Philosophers have come to recognize that, in spite of significant differences between the contemporary and romantic contexts, romanticism continues to persist, and the questions which the romantics raised remain relevant today. The Relevance of Romanticism: Essays on Early German Romantic Philosophy is the first collection of essays that offers an in-depth analysis of the reasons why philosophers are (and should be) concerned with romanticism. Through historical and systematic reconstructions, the collection offers a deeper understanding and more encompassing picture of romanticism as a philosophical movement than has been presented thus far, and explicates the role that romanticism plays – or can play – in contemporary philosophical debates.
The volume includes essays by a number of preeminent international scholars and philosophers – Karl Ameriks, Frederick Beiser, Richard Eldridge, Michael Forster, Manfred Frank, Jane Kneller, and Paul Redding – who discuss the nature of philosophical romanticism and its potential to address contemporary questions and concerns. Through contributions from established and emerging philosophers, discussing key romantic themes and concerns, the volume highlights the diversity both within romantic thought and its contemporary reception. Part One consists of the first published encounter between Manfred Frank and Frederick Beiser, in which the two major scholars directly discuss their vastly differing interpretations of philosophical romanticism. Part Two draws significant connections between romantic conceptions of history, sociability, hermeneutics and education and explores the ways in which these views can illuminate pressing questions in contemporary social-political philosophy and theories of interpretation. Part Three consists in some of the most innovative takes on romantic aesthetics, which seek to bring romantic thought into dialogue, with, for instance, contemporary Analytic aesthetics and theories of cognition/mind. The final part offers one of the few rigorous engagements with romantic conceptions science, and demonstrates ways in which the romantic views of nature, scientific experimentation and mathematics need not be relegated to historical curiosities.
?Real Hallucinations: Psychiatric Illness, Intentionality, and the Interpersonal World (Philosophical Psychopathology) by Matthew Ratcliffe
English | September 22nd, 2017 | ISBN: 0262036711, 9780262036719 | 301 pages | True PDF | 5.10 MB
In Real Hallucinations, Matthew Ratcliffe offers a philosophical examination of the structure of human experience, its vulnerability to disruption, and how it is shaped by relations with other people. He focuses on the seemingly simple question of how we manage to distinguish among our experiences of perceiving, remembering, imagining, and thinking.
To answer this question, he first develops a detailed analysis of auditory verbal hallucinations (usually defined as hearing a voice in the absence of a speaker) and thought insertion (somehow experiencing one’s own thoughts as someone else’s). He shows how thought insertion and many of those experiences labeled as “hallucinations” consist of disturbances in a person’s sense of being in one type of intentional state rather than another.
Ratcliffe goes on to argue that such experiences occur against a backdrop of less pronounced but wider-ranging alterations in the structure of intentionality. In so doing, he considers forms of experience associated with trauma, schizophrenia, and profound grief.
The overall position arrived at is that experience has an essentially temporal structure, involving patterns of anticipation and fulfillment that are specific to types of intentional states and serve to distinguish them phenomenologically. Disturbances of this structure can lead to various kinds of anomalous experience. Importantly, anticipation-fulfillment patterns are sustained, regulated, and disrupted by interpersonal experience and interaction. It follows that the integrity of human experience, including the most basic sense of self, is inseparable from how we relate to other people and to the social world as a whole.
?Scott Soames, “Reference and Description: The Case against Two-Dimensionalism”
English | 2007 | ISBN: 069113099X | PDF | pages: 374 | 1.9 mb
In this book, Scott Soames defends the revolution in philosophy led by Saul Kripke, Hilary Putnam, and David Kaplan against attack from those wishing to revive descriptivism in the philosophy of language, internalism in the philosophy of mind, and conceptualism in the foundations of modality. Soames explains how, in the last twenty-five years, this attack on the anti-descriptivist revolution has coalesced around a technical development called two-dimensional modal logic that seeks to reinterpret the Kripkean categories of the necessary aposteriori and the contingent apriori in ways that drain them of their far-reaching philosophical significance.
Arguing against this reinterpretation, Soames shows how the descriptivist revival has been aided by puzzles and problems ushered in by the anti-descriptivist revolution, as well as by certain errors and missteps in the anti-descriptivist classics themselves. Reference and Description sorts through all this, assesses and consolidates the genuine legacy of Kripke and Kaplan, and launches a thorough and devastating critique of the two-dimensionalist revival of descriptivism. Through it all, Soames attempts to provide the outlines of a lasting, nondescriptivist perspective on meaning, and a nonconceptualist understanding of modality.
?Just War Thinkers: From Cicero to the 21st Century (War, Conflict and Ethics) by Cian O’Driscoll and Joel H. Rosenthal
English | 2017 | ISBN: 1138122475, 1138122483 | 304 pages | PDF | 3,3 MB
This volume offers a set of concise and accessible introductions to the seminal figures in the historical development of the just war tradition.
In what, if any, circumstances are political communities justified in going to war? And what limits should apply to the conduct of any such war? The just war tradition is a body of thought that helps us think through these very questions. Its core ideas have been subject to fierce debate for over 2,000 years. Yet they continue to play a prominent role in how political and military leaders address the challenges posed by the use of force in international society. Until now there has been no text that offers concise and accessible introductions to the key figures associated with the tradition. Stepping into this breach, Just War Thinkers provides a set of clear but detailed essays by leading experts on nineteen seminal thinkers, from Cicero to Jeff McMahan. This volume challenges the reader to think about how traditions are constituted―who is included and excluded, and how that is determined―and how they serve to enable, constrain, and indeed channel subsequent thought, debate, and exchange.
This book will be of much interest to students of just war tradition and theory, ethics and war, philosophy, security studies and IR.
?Food and Philosophy: Selected Essays by Spencer Wertz
English | March 3, 2017 | ISBN: 0875656382 | PDF | 192 pages | 1.6 MB
These essays on food and philosophy were written over several decades. Not only philosophers and historians but individuals who have an ongoing interest in food should relish them.
The essays cover wide-ranging topics that include genetically modified organisms, chocolate and its world, food as art, the pornography of food, and the five flavors of Chinese cuisine. In addition, there are several chapters that deal with the refinement of erudite (professional) cuisine from popular (regional) cuisine in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries in Europe. One chapter stands alone as an analysis of the Native American cultural foundations of maize.
The book opens with an essay on the philosophy of food history that addresses three fundamental problems: the duplication of sensations and taste, the understanding of recipes from other historical periods, and the sorts of judgments that are included or excluded in a historical narrative. The book ends with an exposition of R. G. Collingwood’s anthropology of eating and dining, which completes the discussion with an analysis of the magical symbolism of those cultural activities.